|10-29-2007, 11:43 AM||#1 (permalink)|
White boxers, some facts & myths
With all the gorgous white boxers on here, thought this information would be helpful and also explains a lot about how whites became to be and also some of the non truths....A great way to educate others that do not understnad that much about them as well
White Boxers have been a part of our breed's history from the very beginning. The introduction of the all-white gene into the Boxer gene pool is often blamed on early crosses to a white English Bulldog in the 1890s, yet white Boxers existed long before the crosses to the Bulldog were made (as demonstrated by a photo of a white Boxer from 1870 that was killed while being with his master in the Franco-German war of 1870/71
White Boxers were accepted for registration and breeding by the German club up to 1925. They were banned then because the club viewed the Boxer as a guard dog and white unacceptable for that work. Any physical problems related to the white gene were not found until much later. Other than the physical problems associated with the white gene, white Boxers are exactly the same in temperament and structure as their pigmented siblings.
It is not uncommon to have a totally white Boxer born in a litter. An all-white coat, or a predominantly white background (known as a "check" may occur. In order to retain the beauty of the fawn and brindle colors, American Boxer Club members are pledged not to use white boxers for breeding. They may be AKC registered on the Limited (non breeding) option, and they are eligible for all performance events (Obedience, Agility, Rally, etc).
In The Inheritance of Coat Color in Dogs , Clarence C. Little indicated that white Boxer puppies are not true albinos as albinism is defined by geneticists (a complete lack of pigment in the skin or hair and blue eyes), as evidenced by their dark eyes and nose. Approximately twenty-five percent (and this is an estimation as exact records have not been maintained) of all Boxer puppies born to parents having white markings are either white or almost all white, making white puppies neither" rare" nor "unusual." Some of the pups may have brindle or fawn spots on the head, trunk, or base of the tail. These almost all-white puppies are sometimes referred to as "checks" or "parti-colored."
Other issues to be considered with the white Boxer gene include:
Some of the white pups, with little or no pigment in their skin, must be kept out of the sun because they sunburn. This is similar to a condition observed in Collies which is called "Collie nose."
A certain percentage of the white Boxer puppies are deaf in either one or both ears. In Boxers and other breeds ( Bull Terriers, Dalmatians, Great Danes, Collies, Shetland Sheep Dogs, etc.) in which deaf animals sometimes occur, it is known that deafness results when the cells of the skin lining the ear canals lack pigment.
It has been reported that some white Boxer puppies may be blind, however, the are no sound statistics to establish this as a severe problem as this condition appears to occur at a very low frequency in the Boxer.
As a result of these observations, breeders are encouraged not to use the white Boxer in their breeding programs. A breeder may choose to place white puppies in homes as companion animals. But the practice of placing white puppies should be done carefully. A responsible breeder should require that any white or mismarked puppy must be spayed or castrated if placed as a companion animal.
White Boxer General Information
White Boxers are not caused by genetic birth defects. Just as human hair color is the product of the combined genetics of the human parents so too is the color of a Boxer's coat a product of the genetics contributed by both the father and mother. The exclusively white coat is created when both the mother and father are carriers of the gene that makes up the white coat and the offspring inherits the white coat gene from both the father and the mother. In every way the puppy is the same as all of it's siblings, with all the energy, personality, and spirit that make them boxers.
White Boxers are not albinos. Albinos completely lack pigment. This is evidenced by pink eyes, and a complete lack of color anywhere on the body. Most white boxers have some spots on their skin (which can be seen due to their short white coats) and have some markings around their nose and mouth. Some white boxers have colored markings in their coat (brown spots around an eye or on the back etc). All white boxers have pigment in their eyes, this alone rules out albinism as the cause of their whiteness.
According to the American Boxer Club "Approximately twenty-five percent (and this is an estimation as exact records have not been maintained) of all Boxer puppies are either white or almost all white, making white puppies neither 'rare' nor 'unusual.'" Since the white coat color is recessive, both parents need to be a carriers of the gene that creates white offspring. The boxer breed standard stipulates that two-thirds of the body be either fawn or brindle in color. Because of this limitation, white boxers do not meet the breed standard and are therefore frequently euthinized at birth. Many breeders feel that white Boxers are inferior to standard colored Boxers and have more health problems that standard colored boxers and therefore this genocide is easily dismissed. The American Boxer Club does not actively discourage this behavior but it does allow white Boxers to be registered with the AKC on limited privilege.
The problem is that many local breed clubs have not adopted this same philosophy and still have by-laws calling for the euthinization of any white offspring. It is for this reason that there is much controversy over white Boxers with no end in site. It is a positive sign though that an increasing number of breeders are electing to place their non-standard boxers in pet homes rather than destroying them. It is for the same reason that there is inadequate research to either substantiate or dissuade the claims that white Boxers are more prone to problems than standard boxers. The only claims that seem to have merit is that white Boxers are more likely to sunburn and white Boxers (like many other breeds with similar loss of pigment problems) are more prone to deafness in one or both ears. Neither of these reasons provides a compelling argument for the necessary destruction of these animals.
ABC policy strictly forbids registering white Boxers with the American Kennel Club, as well as selling white Boxers or breeding white Boxers. The ABC also requires that white puppies not be included in the count on the AKC litter application form. The ABC has never condoned or encouraged the culling of white puppies.
The AKC will register any puppy, regardless of color, as long as both parents are of registered stock - unless there is a contract signed by the breeder and purchaser of the puppy to the effect that the animal is not to be registered by the AKC. Considering the unfortunate traits associated with the lack of pigmentation---and the ABC's Boxer Standard clearly addressing the white coat coloring as undesirable---this should discourage any breeder, not only members of the ABC and ABC-member clubs, from registering a white, a check, or parti-colored Boxer for breeding purposes.
Hopefully, with the increasing number of breeders placing these dogs in pet homes, we can finally establish some substantial research into white Boxers.
What is important for all to remember is that in fairness to all, there should be no embarrassment for those loving and owning a white or check Boxer. There are many Boxers (including white check, parti-colored, fawn and brindle) with other undesirable traits that also should not be used for breeding. The color of a Boxer's coat has nothing to do with the wonderful Boxer personality we all have grown to covet and love.
10 Quick White Boxer Faqs's
1. White boxers are not rare.
2. Approximately 25 percent of all boxers born are white.
3. White boxers are not albinos.
4. White boxers can sunburn easy.
5. White boxers can be deaf and sometimes blind.
6. Some people have argued that whites are sicker and have more cancer but this has never been proven.
7. White boxers can be registered BUT the white boxer does not meet the American Boxer Club's standard. The members code of ethics states that it is a infraction to register with the American Kennel Club a boxer of any color not allowed by the Standard.
8. White boxers should be spayed/neutered.
9. White boxers have the same temperment and personality as colored boxers.
10. Check boxers are whites that have spots of fawn or brindle on them.